Monday, 17 October 2016

Help Your Business Improve Its Costa Rica SEO With These Top Notch Tips!

The number of visitors to any website are a very large part of the website's success. Sites that try to sell something need to get a substantial number of customers and clients. And when a site has higher rankings in a search engine, that brings about more visitors. These rankings can be increased with search engine optimization. If Costa Rica is something you want to get into using, this article can help.

Why should your small business use search engine optimization? Search engine optimization is an optimal way to direct traffic to every page of your website, instead of just the homepage. In other words, you can utilize commonly used keywords, in order to direct traffic to other parts of your website. People who are not searching for your business specifically, may find the result interesting and be compelled to navigate the rest of your links.

Include useful external links on your website. The number of outbound links can positively affect a website's search engine rank, however, make sure that the pages you link to are relevant and search engine optimized themselves. It is also best to link to related websites but not direct competitors, as you do not want to lose potential customers in a bid to increase your search engine rank.

If you want to have successful Costa Rica SEO results, you need a site map. If you have a site map, web crawlers will find your site more easily. If it's a large website, it may have to have more than one site map. A good rule to go by is to show only 100 links maximum on any given site map.

Be aware that search spiders cannot read images, they can only read text. You need to include text in the descriptions of your images and image tags so that they can be found in search engine results. Using the image's "ALT" tag, you can add keywords and text, that can help the spider effectively find your image by reading around it.

Visit the websites of your competitors. Do internet searches for the keywords that are related to your personal business to find other sites that are related. It is a great way to get fresh ideas for your site and to learn what it is that your competitors are doing to have a successful site.

Use your keywords wisely. Include a keyword phrase in the main title of your page to make it a simple and efficient way to find you. Optimizing your ability to be quickly recognized is important, so do not forget that placement is key to your keywords. A blog or page title with a keyword phrase in it is very likely to attract attention.

If you have embedded videos on your web site, be sure to include them in your sitemap. Doing so lets the search engines know that your video content is actually part of your web site. This will help bring more traffic to your site, since viewers will be more likely to come to your site to watch your video rather than going to an external hosting site.

You can give your SEO a boost by using off-site linking to reputable websites. This should be a fundamental part of your overall linking strategy. You will find that off-site links provide you with a much higher ranking than internal ones. To maximize your rank, be sure to look for options that allow you to direct a hyperlink back to your own website.

For a website to succeed, it must have visitors. Visitors are crucial to sites selling products or services. The higher a site's ranking, the larger its traffic volume. Using SEO strategies can increase the rankings. By following the advice in this article, you can use search engine optimization.

Sunday, 16 October 2016

DIY Costa Rica Search Engine Optimization Tips And Tricks

Search engine optimization (Costa Rica SEO) is a complicated field and if you want to stay ahead of the competition, your SEO skills need to be constantly reevaluated and updated. This article contains some SEO tips and ideas that will help you beat your competition's rank in search engine results pages (SERP).

Your homepage carries roughly 50 percent of the weight in Costa Rica searches. Up to 5 percent of your copy and links throughout the site should be weighted with keywords and phrases. This density will give depth to searches and bring your site closer to the top rankings on the major engines.

By making the URL of a website with clear keywords, you will enhance the ease of their search-ability on search engines. The URL of a certain webpage will also make it easier for individuals who are visiting your site to navigate around. Ultimately, by having obscure and complex URL's, it will make it harder for those pages to show up in the top ranking of any search engine.

Optimize your site with an informative error page, rather than a basic 404 page. This page can offer solutions to the error, such as other relevant content links or a link back to the site's homepage. Search engine spiders will find these pages and index them as if they were content, raising your ranking.

Diversify when getting traffic. Seek traffic through a number of methods so that you aren't relying exclusively on search engines to get people to your site. This way, you 'don't put all your eggs in one basket,' and won't be bothered by a momentary slip in search engine rankings.

Providing content that can be linked to and referenced by other websites, bloggers, etc., is the simplest way to optimize your standing in search engines. Say for example you are a graphic designer and have a site that operates as your portfolio. If you were to provide unique tutorials on your website, others can discover these, appreciate them and share them on their own site, which in turn increases the amount of times your page is referenced on the whole of the Internet as well as increasing the traffic coming from those pages where your tutorials were referenced.

Give your website a theme, and use it accordingly. Giving each of your categories a theme that is relevant to your overall increases you readership, which in turn can raise you up on search lists. Make sure that your theme stays within the trend of whatever you are working with, or else it may have the opposite effect.

For effective search engine optimization try and use a single URL to concentrate all your stories, articles or blog posts within the same category. This is an excellent way to get your search results near the top as it will cover a broader range of topics which will get your page more views.

If you are interested in hiring an SEO company, interview them, ask them questions. You have the right to know how they operate. Also it's important to get specific information about any risks involved in the process. Do not take what they say at face value; research the company and get as many questions answered before you get started.

Try improving your Google crawl rate. The Google crawl rate refers to how often a search spider from Google visits your website and gathers information that will then become available in search results. Post new content regularly to attract attention from search engine spiders. There are many traffic tools that help you keep track of how often spiders visit your website.

By following the advice above, you can stop wasting time and money on SEO methods that don't work and be on your way to becoming a SEO expert. Also, by using some of the SEO techniques mentioned, you can increase your website's SERP rank and start receiving more organic, targeted traffic to your website.

Costa Rica Seo Will Almost Certainly Boost Your Site's Traffic

The ideal websites around grow organically in popularity, from the sense that the recognition is grass-roots and never necessarily always purchased through sponsored advertising. You will discover Costa Rica Seo tips on how to also work to increase your blog organically by implementing the excellent seo tips (Costa Rica Seo) inside the text below. Alternatively, you can visit Emery EPS to get your super dose of Costa Rica SEO.

When putting together your website with Costa Rica SEO , keep in mind how online search engine spiders view your page. For instance, while using images for navigation links may look alluring to human viewers, it can hurt your search engine ranking positions. Your rankings, and your track record of users with accessibility issues, is going to be increased if you are using primarily text or at best offer a text alternative for image links.

To help with search engine optimisation, make sure to include keywords within the URLs for relevant pages, instead of using numbers or irrelevant words. This is key not merely for that main body of your URL, but also in file names. This will likely boost your rankings, as search engines like google are trying to find relevant keywords.

Websites should be regularly refreshed with new content and pages to help with search engine marketing. Keywords are excellent yet they may only help your web site for an extent. Should you be talking about popular subjects, you can easily go missing in the crowd. You may not would like your website ranked low on the search engines. Make your recommendations fresh by linking to appropriate and influential high ranking websites on a regular basis.

Pictures and graphics are great for the visual element of your internet page. Unfortunately, search engines like yahoo cannot interpret them (unless an individual has been doing a specific image search). For those who have an amazing image, be sure you provide an awesome, descriptive text caption to complement it. In case you are familiar with HTML, use an "ALT" tag just for this: it will assist you to write an extended description you could fill with search-engine-friendly keywords.

Costa Rica Seo seems basic, but the power of Costa Rica SEO is immense,  a sensible practice to adhere to is to constantly monitor your google page rank using independent traffic monitoring services. The process will allow you to decide if your optimization has any result on your website traffic. A good site to work with is Alexa, which will show an abundance of useful statistics.

Will be your website available to people of all the abilities? If your site is not easily accessible to disabled users, you may well be cutting off a vital demographic. Be sure that your websites vital information could be accessed and processed through text-reading programs for blind users. Deaf users will manage to benefit from transcriptions or closed captioning for video content.

Retain the content for your base. The more content you have on your own website, the greater number of readers you will get. No person likes to select a web site and become bombarded with links and advertisements. In the event you keep your own content front and center, readers will feel far more comfortable in your page and definately will likely revisit for additional.

Building backlinks is an excellent SEO technique, but avoid linking to bad neighborhoods. The quantity of backlinks your website has usually positively effects your site's search engine results page rank, however any backlinks from bad neighborhoods will make your web site guilty by association causing search engines like google to penalize your web site. It is best to avoid adult sites, gambling sites and free-for-all link farms when building backlinks.

This article has caused it to be clear to you personally there are different ways to skin a cat in relation to Costa Rica Seo. You may not have to apply every one of these tips to be able to improve your ranking, or you may have to apply even more. All of it is determined by your site's market and other factors. You must just center on by using these tips at the moment if you prefer a solid start.

Saturday, 15 October 2016

How You Can Make Search Engine Optimization Work For You

If optimizing your website for the major search engines seems like a daunting task, you should know that you're not alone. You can take advantage of the hard-earned experience of many other websites. By following the tips in this Costa Rica article, you'll be able to optimize your site so that it attracts more traffic than ever.

Concentrate on a single subject on each page. Don't throw all your eggs into one basket. You will only confuse your customer and keep them from coming back. A page focused on one program will have much better success results.

To demonstrate the importance of a keyword to search engines, bold it on its first use. Search engines are able to recognize when text is bolder, and rate bolder words as being more important to your page. Having a bold word will help search engines to find your keyword and to look for additional appearances of it on your page.

Learn how to promote using social media. Simply posting links to your company website is not advertising - it is spam. Providing content as a reason to visit your website is much more effective, and it also allows consumers to feel as though you are interested in their personal wants and needs.

Do you want to rank more highly with the search engines? An efficient search engine optimization strategy is to use the ALT text feature, with any image that you place on your site. This will allow you to place your keywords in as many positions as possible and one extra, can be the ALT text area of an image.

When you have determined which popular search engine terms to use, be sure to place them in your HTML title tag. You should do this because search engines give title tag content the most weight out of any of the other elements found on the page. Also use these phrases in title, tags, and description of your videos that you post on video sharing sites.

Make your keywords longer to gain a more targeted audience. While a shorter keyword will attract more readers overall, gaining a targeted audience can be a challenge. Using a longer keyword allows only those that search for your specifics to find you, giving you a better chance of marketing to a more targeted and direct audience.

Utilize as many free business listings as possible to increase your Costa Rica SEO. This is essentially advertising that doesn't cut into your budget, and your search ranking will benefit from the increased traffic these sites drive to your website. Likewise, your business and sales are likely to increase as well.

Links from outside pages to your site will help make your site more legitimate to the engines. Ask your readers or friends to link to you from their sites. It helps if they can mention your particular keywords in the link so try providing them the HTML to link to so that you can control what it says.

One thing to avoid when dealing with search engine optimization is block quotes. Though it hasn't been officially proven, it is widely believed that most search engines ignore any text included in block quote tags. This means that any tags in block quotes will not be included in search engine results.

Before turning to the automated programs available to inflate one article into many, the wise article marketer will do as much individual writing as he or she can. Hand-crafted articles always give readers a much better impression than auto-generated content. Search engines prefer original human-written articles, too, and rank them higher than automated articles.

If you've read this article carefully, search engine optimization shouldn't seem like such a confusing task anymore. Just remember the basic principles underlying the tips you've been given, and apply them to your website. Before you know it, your traffic will have skyrocketed, and your customer base will be expanding.

Friday, 14 October 2016

Costa Rica SEO

Costa Rica SEO -  is an Internet marketing strategy 

Costa Rica engine optimization is an Internet marketing strategy which considers such factors as how search engines operate, what people search for, what keywords are typed into search engines, and which search engines are used by people. Click here to find who is behind the best costa rica seo.
This article can help you understand this concept better, and gives you hints on improving your website's visibility.

For the best Costa Rica boost out of inbound links, be sure that a keyword is included with the URL. This ensures that the search engine sees not only a positive vote for your site, in terms of the link, but also sees a connection between your site and that keyword.

Costa Rica SEO -  search engine optimization tools can help you 

Costa Rica search engine optimization tools can help you to analyze visitor behaviour. If your traffic shows that your audience arrives, glances and leaves without investigating, you should look at how entertaining and informative your website is. Consider hiring somebody to test your user interface, and honestly describe their experiences using your content.

When you are first starting a website, avoid using sub-domains. Google treats sub-domains as their own site for purposes of assigning them PageRank. Directories from the main site, however, have the same PageRank as the parent site. This means, for instance, that will have the same PageRank as, but won't.

Costa Rica SEO -  

Is your website accessible to people of all abilities? If your website is not easily accessible to disabled users, you might be cutting off a vital demographic. Make sure that your websites vital information can easily be accessed and processed through text-reading programs for blind users. Deaf users will benefit from transcriptions or closed captioning for video content.

When creating URLs (Uniform Resource Locator) for Costa Rica SEO, you should use keywords whenever it is possible. Keywords that are found in the URL, hold weight and prove a much needed search engine boost. Be sure to use a content management system to place keywords and hyphens in your URL's, that will attract visitors.

Costa Rica SEO -  

Having a blog will keep your website new and fresh and will help your ranking with search engines. Search engines crawl through websites to find new, updated content. Blogs that get crawled more frequently have more authority and a higher ranking. If you blog, you are ensuring you will constantly have new content.

At the conclusion of your article, you should provide a resource box. This box should have a task or "call-to-action" for the reader to participate in. You should also include a couple of back-links to your website and one to your sign-up page and/or your home page. Additionally, you should include another pertinent link to one of the other pages on your website.

SEO Costa Rica -  Filling your website with unique content

Fill your website with original, informative content. Filling your website with unique, regularly updated content related to carefully chosen keywords can help your website to rank high in search engine results. Also, if the pages of your website are helpful and interesting to your visitors, your visitors will do your off-page Costa Rica SEO for you.

When dealing with Costa Rica search engine optimization it is important to utilize Google Trends. Google Trends shows you what keywords are trending and how popular they are. This, in turn, will allow you to choose the most popular keywords or keyword phrases when creating your pages to gain the most amount of traffic.

SEO Costa Rica -  amount of traffic that you receive

You should do your best to employ some Costa Rica SEO methods to your site to increase the amount of traffic that you receive on a regular basis. These methods include creating backlinks to your own site from on blogs and utilizing key phrases when writing articles that link back to your site.

Smart Costa Rica search engine optimization helps websites to improve their visibility when certain keywords are searched for. With a varied and methodical approach, over time, you (or your webmaster) can get your site to climb up the rankings. It is a crucial element of modern business practice.

Related Posts on Costa Rica SEO

Friday, 7 October 2016

Costa Rica is a good place to invest?

Investments in Costa Rica?... is not that an island?...somewhere within the Caribbean?

My wife and I moved to Costa Rica six years ago from the frigid climate of Minnesota where we had owned a Costa Rica SEO Jaco agency for fifteen years. So long as we could remember we had worked 12 hour days and spent most of our time figuring out how to stay even...getting ahead was not even yet in the cards.

Then 9/11 happened. As well as for us it absolutely was an epiphany. Life was too short to expend the total amount of your lives on a treadmill that went nowhere. We accelerated our retirement plans by almost 10 years.
And over the the following year we sold everything we owned and eventually found ourselves in Costa Rica (which, mind you, we had only visited once previously...and on vacation at that !).

Stupid? In retrospect, sure. To move to a foreign country where we knew no one, did not understand the language and our only exposure was the world-wide-web? Needless to say, it was stupid.

But...we loved it, even yet in spite to the fact that life here was completely different than the books portrayed or the internet showed. We rented a tiny home about an hour or so outside of San Jose in a residential area that was rural, coffee country and but still big enough to have a hospital and within 45 minutes of this main airport.

And we also purchased land...and we built a house , then went on to starting the agency. And luckily, Rhonda had the temperament to manage the local builders, despite the fact that we didn't understand much Spanish. I still remained a type A and the manana attitude drove me crazy.

And much of this real estate and construction business was definitely not in every "how to..." book that we ever found. And we definitely made mistakes. But luckily they did not hurt us TOO much financially. And we also asked plenty of questions therefore we learned, over time, how the actual estate market functioned in Costa Rica.

And we decided that people wanted to let others know the items that we had to learn the hard way. We started a proper estate company whose sole aim was to present properties which reflected prices that locals paid...because there was a two tier real estate market in Costa for "gringos" and one for Ticos (locals, as Costa Ricans call themselves).

Tuesday, 4 October 2016

San Jose Downtown Costa Rica [youtube]

San Jose is the capital of Costa Rica. One thing which really stroke me was that it was really impossible to find a good restaurant there... Even Paying a 100$ for 2 Persons which is quite a bit considering the low wages there....

Luis V8 months ago
good restaurant . GO HOME GRINGO TO KFC .
Reply 5     
View all 8 replies 
polifatts2 weeks ago
Go fuck yourself bitch. Im a "gringo" and I laugh at you pussy Ticos because you can't even handle spicy food. The food in Costa Rica sucks.
 Paulo Gutierrez 
Paulo Gutierrez3 days ago
polifatts Jajaja sigue aprendiendo inglés nica mal nacido. Que aunque te creas gringo siempre tendrás cara de simio orangután de porqueria. Son una raza que nacieron para ser obreros de mierda.
Bfr74vz1 week ago
The drivers seemed much more civilized than the drivers in the Dominican, you take your life into your hands when you drive in the DR
 Random Record 
Random Record1 month ago
Min 1:00 Hermanos ticos, no se dejen. No permitan que tomen la servidumbre. Eso nos pasó en un área de Panamá y ahora es un lío sacarlos a todos de la vía publica.

Costa Rica Trip[youtube]

Special thank you to Manuel for letting us stay at Villa el Tucan in Costa Rica




Ophélie Charton4 weeks ago
c'est vrmt cool de vous revoir ensemble!
Reply 10     
 Sun Green 
Sun Green4 weeks ago
I'm studying french in my school but I still can't understand the comments whyyyyyy god?? ppl write in spanish or english:((
Reply 3     
View all 4 replies 
 Sun Green 
Sun Green2 weeks ago
jaja soy mexicana! igual hablo español. saludos ^^
Reply 1     
 Christhian Rojas 
Christhian Rojas1 week ago
Jajaja genial! Saludos! <3
 Rich Quebas 
Rich Quebas21 hours ago
Should of been titled- "What my ass looks like in Costa Rica"...
Shoutimi4 weeks ago
Son chum a vraiment dla chance de l'avoir vu comment elle a un beau corps :3
View all 3 replies 
Shoutimi4 weeks ago
tg toi d'ou tu la connais ?
Nadeau4 weeks ago
+FalcoMC - Concours Je connais tout x)
Reply 2     
europeanvibes3 weeks ago
keep doing these traveling lifestyle type of videos its awesome!!!
Reply 1     
TIGIY444 weeks ago
more of it!


Erik Conover Video Blog 330 TRAVELING TO COSTA RICA!!
February 29th, 2016

Thank you to Christina at Surf Inn Hermosa!


Erik Conover
PO Box 1296 
NY, NY 10028 

Come say Hi! 

snapchat: erikconover

Emma Fabre2 months ago
i dont know why but i feel like you have a small air of FunForLouis, like physically you look a little like him. Loved this video xx
Reply 3     
 Erik Conover 
Erik Conover2 months ago
Both tall, lanky and love to travel haha. Glad you liked the video!
Reply 1     
 Samuel Gaming 
Samuel Gaming4 days ago
i live in Costa Rica // yo vivo en Costa Rica
Reply 2     
View all 3 replies 
 Pepe Play 
Pepe Play3 weeks ago
+TreeckoWarrior Tutoriales, Minecraft y mas Saico yo tambien mae
 Jesus Juan 
Jesus Juan2 weeks ago
Pura Vida mae
Chillsteparia3 months ago
UGH I can't wait to go to costa Rica my dad is from there and I am goin with him.
Reply 1     
View all 16 replies 
 Keylor Jimenez 
Keylor Jimenez1 month ago
+chillstep aria How will you teach me English ?xd
Chillsteparia1 month ago
+Keylor Jimenez idk um I am not much of a teacher type.

Costa Rica 20th century

Historically, Costa Rica has generally enjoyed greater peace and more consistent political stability compared with many of its fellow Latin American nations. Since the late 19th century, however, Costa Rica has experienced two significant periods of violence. In 1917–19, General Federico Tinoco Granados ruled as a military dictator until he was overthrown and forced into exile. The unpopularity of Tinoco's regime led, after he was overthrown, to a considerable decline in the size, wealth, and political influence of the Costa Rican military.

In 1948, José Figueres Ferrer led an armed uprising in the wake of a disputed presidential election between the previous president Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia (he served as president between 1940 and 1944) and Otilio Ulate Blanco.[34] With more than 2,000 dead, the resulting 44-day Costa Rican Civil War was the bloodiest event in Costa Rica during the 20th century.

Costa Rica Economic Growth

Coffee was first planted in Costa Rica in the early 19th century, and was first shipped to Europe in 1843, soon becoming Costa Rica's first major export. Coffee production would remain Costa Rica's principal source of wealth well into the 20th century. Most of the coffee exported was grown around the main centers of population in the Central Plateau and then transported by oxcart to the Pacific port of Puntarenas. Since the main market for the coffee was in Europe, it soon became a high priority to develop a transportation route from the Central Plateau to the Atlantic Ocean. For this purpose, in the 1870s, the Costa Rican government contracted with U.S. businessman Minor C. Keith to build a railroad to the Caribbean port of Limón. Despite enormous difficulties with construction, disease, and financing, the railroad was completed in 1890.

Costa Rica INdependence

Like the rest of Central America, Costa Rica never fought for independence from Spain. On September 15, 1821, after the final Spanish defeat in the Mexican War of Independence (1810–21), the authorities in Guatemala declared the independence of all of Central America. That date is still celebrated as Independence Day in Costa Rica even though, technically, under the Spanish Constitution of 1812 that had been readopted in 1820, Nicaragua and Costa Rica had become an autonomous province with its capital in León.

Upon independence, Costa Rican authorities faced the issue of officially deciding the future of the country. Two bands formed, the Imperialists, defended by Cartago and Heredia cities which were in favor of joining the Mexican Empire, and the Republicans, represented by the cities of San José and Alajuela who defended full independence. Because of the lack of agreement on these two possible outcomes, the first civil war of Costa Rica occurred. The Battle of Ochomogo, which took place on the Hill of Ochomogo, located in the Central Valley in 1823. The conflict was won by the Republicans and, as a consequence, the city of Cartago lost its status as the capital, which moved to San José.[30][31][32]

Costa rica and Spanish

Accounts differ as to whether the name la costa rica (Spanish for "rich coast") was first applied by Christopher Columbus, who sailed to the eastern shores of Costa Rica during his final voyage in 1502,[24] and reported the presence of vast quantities of gold jewelry among the natives,[25] or by the conquistador Gil González Dávila, who landed on the west coast in 1522, met with the natives, and appropriated some of their gold.[26]

The Ujarrás historical site in the Orosí Valley, Cartago province. The church was built between 1686 and 1693.
During most of the colonial period, Costa Rica was the southernmost province of the Captaincy General of Guatemala, which was nominally part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, but which, in practice, operated as a largely autonomous entity within the Spanish Empire. Costa Rica's distance from the capital in Guatemala, its legal prohibition under Spanish law to trade with its southern neighbors in Panama, then part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada (i.e. Colombia), and the lack of resources such as gold and silver, made Costa Rica into a poor, isolated, and sparsely inhabited region within the Spanish Empire.[27] Costa Rica was described as "the poorest and most miserable Spanish colony in all America" by a Spanish governor in 1719.[28]

Costa Rica History

Historians have classified the indigenous people of Costa Rica as belonging to the Intermediate Area, where the peripheries of the Mesoamerican and Andean native cultures overlapped. More recently, pre-Columbian Costa Rica has also been described as part of the Isthmo-Colombian Area.

The oldest evidence (stone tool making) of human occupation in Costa Rica is associated with the arrival of various groups of hunter-gatherers about 10,000 to 7,000 years BCE in the Turrialba Valley. The presence of Clovis culture type spearheads and arrows from South America opens the possibility that, in this area, two different cultures coexisted.[21]

Agriculture became evident in the populations that lived in Costa Rica about 5,000 years ago. They mainly grew tubers and roots (like carrots). For the first and second millennia BCE there were already settled farming communities. These were small and scattered, although the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture as the main livelihood in the territory is still unknown.[22]

Costa Rica Background

Costa Rica officially the Republic of Costa Rica (Spanish: República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around 4.5 million, of whom nearly a quarter live in the metropolitan area of the capital and largest city, San José.

Costa Rica was sparsely inhabited by indigenous people before coming under Spanish rule in the 16th century. It remained a peripheral colony of the empire until independence as part of the short-lived First Mexican Empire, followed by membership in the United Provinces of Central America, from which it formally declared sovereignty in 1847. Since then, Costa Rica has remained among the most stable, prosperous, and progressive nations in Latin America. Following a brief but bloody civil war, it permanently abolished its army in 1949, becoming one of only a few sovereign nations without a standing army.[6][7][8] Costa Rica is an observing member of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF).